İNGİLİZCE ÜLKELER VE UYRUKLAR

COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES

İngilizce Ülkeler ve Milliyetlerİngilizce’de “Nationality” (milliyet, uyruk) kelimesi sözlü dilde pek kullanılmaz, daha    çok yazılı dilde karşımıza çıkar. Bu kelimenin özellikle turizm sektörü ve göçmenlik ile alakalı konularda kullanıldığını görürüz.

Bir kişinin hangi milletten olduğu sormak için kullanılan en yaygın soru “Where are you from?” ya da

‘Where do you come from?’ şeklindedir.  ”What nationality are you ?” sorusu genelde az kullanılır. Daha yaygını “What is your nationality?” (Milliyetin,uyruğun, tabiatın nedir ?)

Birisine hangi milletten olduğunuzu söylerken “My nationality is Turkish” şeklinde bir cümle kullanılmaz.

“I’m Turkish” doğru şeklidir.

Kısaca özetleyecek olursak:

To Be + from + country yani “I am from Turkey” ya da

To Be + Nationality yani “I am Turkish” olur.

Tekil Çoğul
Country : Ülke Countries : Ülkeler
Nationality : Milliyet, Uyruk Nationalities : Milliyetler, Uyruklar

Öğrenciler tarafından genelde karıştırılan sorular ;

Where are you from ?

I am Turkish

 

Aşağıda sırasıyla

Ülke ismini = örneğin Avustralya, Australia (He is from Australia.) (Avustralya’dan geliyor)

Sıfat halini = Australian (He is Australian) (O Avustralyalı) (It is an Australian product.) (Bu Avustralya malı.)

O millete mensup kişilere verilen ismi = Australian (He is an Australian) (O bir Avustralyalı)

Ve o ülkenin resmi dilini bulabilirsiniz.  = English (and he speaks English) (ve İngilizce konuşuyor.)

 ÜLKE – MİLLİYET – MİLLETİ – DİLİ

Afghanistan Afghan An Afghan Persian – Pashto

Albania Albanian An Albanian Albanian

Algeria  Algerian An Algerian Arabic

Andorra Andorran An Andorran Catalan

Angola Angolan               An Angolan Portuguese

Argentina Argentinian An Argentinian Spanish

Armenia Armenian An Armenian Armenian

Australia Australian An Australian English

Austria Austrian               An Austrian German

Azerbaijan Azerbaijani An Azerbaijani Azerbaijani

Bahamas Bahamian A Bahamian English

Bahrain                Bahraini A Bahraini Arabic

Bangladesh Bangladeshi              A Bangladeshi Bengali

Barbados Barbadian A Barbadian English

Belarus Belarusian or Belarusan A Belarusian or a Belarusan Russian

Belgium Belgian               A Belgian Dutch, French and German

Belize    Belizean A Belizean English

Benin    Beninese A Beninese French

Bhutan Bhutanese A Bhutanese Dzongkha

Bolivia   Bolivian  A Bolivian Guarani

Bosnia-Herzegovina  Bosnian A Bosnian Serbian

Botswana Botswanan A Tswana Tswana

Brazil     Brazilian  A Brazilian Portuguese

Britain   British  A Briton English

Brunei  Bruneian A Bruneian Malay

Bulgaria Bulgarian A Bulgarian Bulgarian

Burkina                Burkinese A Burkinese French

Burma (official name Myanmar) (Resmi adı Myanmar) Burmese A Burmese Burmese

Burundi               Burundian A Burundian French

Cambodia Cambodian A Cambodian Khmer

Cameroon Cameroonian A Cameroonian English

Canada Canadian A Canadian English

Cape Verde Islands Cape Verdean A Cape Verdean Portuguese

Chad Chadian A Chadian Arabic

Chile Chilean A Chilean Spanish

China Chinese A Chinese Chinese, Mandarin

Colombia Colombian A Colombian Spanish

Congo Congolese A Congolese Swahili

Costa Rica Costa Rican A Costa Rican Spanish

Croatia Croat or Croatian A Croat or a Croatian Croatian

Cuba Cuban A Cuban Spanish

Cyprus  Cypriot A Cypriot Turkish and Greek

Czech Republic Czech A Czech Czech

Denmark Danish A Dane Danish

Djibouti Djiboutian A Djiboutian French

Dominica Dominican A Dominican English

Dominican Republic Dominican A Dominican Spanish

Ecuador Ecuadorean An Ecuadorean Spanish

Egypt Egyptian An Egyptian Arabic

El Salvador Salvadorean               A Salvadorean Spanish

EnglandEnglish An Englishman, an Englishwoman English

Eritrea  Eritrean An Eritrean Tigrinya

Estonia Estonian An Estonian Estonian

Ethiopia Ethiopian An Ethiopian Amharic

Fiji Fijian A Fijian English, Fijian and Fiji Hindi

Finland Finnish                A Finn Finnish

France  French A Frenchman, a Frenchwoman French

Gabon  Gabonese A Gabonese French

The Gambia Gambian A Gambian English

Georgia               Georgian A Georgian Georgian

Germany German A German German

Ghana  Ghanaian A Ghanaian English

Greece Greek  A Greek Greek

Grenada Grenadian A Grenadian English

Guatemala Guatemalan              A Guatemalan Spanish

Guinea Guinean A Guinean French

Guyana                Guyanese A Guyanese English

Haiti Haitian A Haitian French and Haitian Creole

Holland (also Netherlands) Dutch A Dutchman, a Dutchwoman Dutch

Honduras Honduran A Honduran Mayan

Hungary Hungarian A Hungarian Hungarian

Iceland Icelandic An Icelander Icelandic

India Indian An Indian Hindi and English

Indonesia Indonesian An Indonesian Indonesian

Iran Iranian An Iranian Persian (Farsi)

Iraq Iraqi An Iraqi Arabic and Kurdish

Republic of Ireland Irish               An Irishman, an Irishwoman Irish and English

Italy Italian An Italian Italian

Jamaica Jamaican A Jamaican English

Japan    Japanese A Japanese Japanese

Jordan  Jordanian A Jordanian Arabic

Kazakhstan Kazakh A Kazakh Kazakh (national) Russian (official)

Kenya   Kenyan               A Kenyan Swahili and English

Kuwait  Kuwaiti               A Kuwaiti Arabic

Laos       Laotian                A Laotian Lao

Latvia    Latvian                A Latvian Latvian

Lebanon Lebanese A Lebanese Arabic

Liberia  Liberian A Liberian English

Libya     Libyan  A Libyan Arabic

Liechtenstein  –  A Liechtensteiner German

Lithuania Lithuanian A Lithuanian Lithuanian

Luxembourg  –  A Luxembourger French, German and Luxembourgish

Macedonia  Macedonian  A Macedonian Macedonian

Madagascar Malagasy or Madagascan A Malagasy or a Madagascan Malagasy French

Malawi Malawian A Malawian Chichewa

Malaysia Malaysian A Malaysian Malaysian

Maldives Maldivian A Maldivian Dhivehi

Mali       Malian A Malian French

Malta    Maltese A Maltese Maltese

Mauritania Mauritanian               A Mauritanian Arabic

Mauritius Mauritian A Mauritian English and French

Mexico Mexican A Mexican Spanish

Moldova Moldovan A Moldovan Romanian

Monaco Monégasque or Monacan        A Monégasque or a Monacan French

Mongolia Mongolian A Mongolian Mongolian

Montenegro Montenegrin A Montenegrin Montenegrin

Morocco Moroccan A Moroccan Arabic and Berber

Mozambique Mozambican A Mozambican Portuguese

Namibia Namibian A Namibian English

Nepal    Nepalese A Nepalese Nepali

The Netherlands, (Holland) Dutch A Dutchman, a Dutchwoman, or a Netherlander Dutch

New Zealand New Zealand (not used as in “He is New Zealand”) A New Zealander English, Māori and NZ Sign Language Nicaragua Nicaraguan a Nicaraguan Spanish

Niger     Nigerien A Nigerien French

Nigeria Nigerian A Nigerian English

North Korea      North Korean    A North Korean Korean

Norway               Norwegian A Norwegian Norwegian

Oman   Omani An Omani Arabic

Pakistan Pakistani A Pakistani English and Urdu

Panama Panamanian A Panamanian Spanish

Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean or Guinean A Papua New Guinean or a Guinean Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin and English

Paraguay Paraguayan A Paraguayan Spanish and Guaraní

Peru Peruvian A Peruvian Spanish, Quechua and Aymara

 

the Philippines Philippine A Filipino Filipino and English

Poland Polish A Pole Polish

 

Portugal Portuguese A Portuguese Portuguese

Qatar    Qatari  A Qatari Arabic

Romania Romanian A Romanian Romanian

Russia   Russian A Russian Russian

Rwanda Rwandan A Rwandan Kinyarwanda, French and English

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian or Saudi A Saudi Arabian or a Saudi Arabic

Scotland Scottish A Scot English

Senegal Senegalese A Senegalese French

Serbia   Serb or Serbian               A Serb or a Serbian Serbian

The Seychelles Seychellois A Seychellois French, English and Seychellois Creole

Sierra Leone Sierra Leonian A Sierra Leonian English

Singapore Singaporean                A Singaporean English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil

Slovakia Slovak A Slovak Slovak

Slovenia Slovene or Slovenian A Slovene or a Slovenian Slovene

Solomon Islands – A Solomon Islander English

Somalia Somali A Somali Somali

South Africa South African A South African Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu

South Korea South Korean A South Korean Korean

Spain     Spanish A Spaniard Spanish

Sri Lanka Sri Lankan A Sri Lankan English, Sinhala and Tamil

Sudan Sudanese A Sudanese Arabic and English

Suriname Surinamese A Surinamer or a Surinamese Dutch

Swaziland Swazi               A Swazi Swati and English

Sweden Swedish A Swede Swedish

Switzerland Swiss A Swiss German

Syria Syrian A Syrian Arabic

Taiwan Taiwanese A Taiwanese Chinese, Mandarin

Tajikistan Tajik or Tadjik               A Tajik or a Tadjik Tajik

Tanzania Tanzanian A Tanzanian Kiswahili and English

Thailand Thai A Thai Thai

Togo Togolese A Togolese French

Trinidad and Tobago Trinidadian, Tobagan / Tobagonian              A Trinidadian a Tobagan / Tobagonian English

Tunisia  Tunisian A Tunisian Arabic

Turkey  Turkish                A Turk Turkish

Turkmenistan Turkmen or Turkoman A Turkmen or a Turkoman Turkmen

Tuvalu  Tuvaluan A Tuvaluan English

Uganda                Ugandan A Ugandan English and Swahili

Ukraine               Ukrainian A Ukrainian Ukrainian

United Arab Emirates (UAE) UAE or Emirates (used as in “UAE products” but not “He is UAE”) or Emirati            An  mirati Arabic

United Kingdom (UK) UK (used as in “UK products” but not “He is UK”) or British           A Briton English

United States of America (USA)               US (used as in “US products” but not “He is US”)             A US citizen English

Uruguay Uruguayan A Uruguayan Spanish

Uzbekistan Uzbek An Uzbek Uzbek

Vanuatu Vanuatuan A Vanuatuan Bislama

Vatican City –     – Italian and Latin

Venezuela Venezuelan A Venezuelan Spanish

Vietnam Vietnamese A Vietnamese Vietnamese

Wales   Welsh   A Welshman, a Welshwoman English

Western Samoa Western Samoan A Western Samoan Samoan and English

Yemen Yemeni               A Yemeni Arabic

Yugoslavia Yugoslav A Yugoslav Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian and Slovene

Zaire Zaïrean     A Zaïrean French

Zambia Zambian A Zambian English

Zimbabwe Zimbabwean              A Zimbabwean