Zamanlara göre aktif pasif çekimi

 

FORMS OF PASSIVE TENSES

(Edilgen zamanların yapıları)

 

Passive tenses (edilgen zamanlar), “be (am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been) + V3” ile yapılır:

 

  • Present simple passive : ( am / is / are + V3 )    

 

Active : Jane cleans the kitchen in the evenings.

Passive: The kitchen is cleaned by Jane in the evenings.

 

Active : People speak English and French in Canada.

Passive: English and French are spoken in Canada.

 

  • Past simple passive: ( was / were + V3 )

 

Active : Ali broke the window yesterday.

Passive: The window was broken by Ali yesterday.

 

Active : Someone stole Jill’s car last night.

Passive: Jill’s car was stolen last night.

 

  • Present continuous passive: (am / is / are + being + V3 )

 

Active : We are painting our house this week.

Passive: Our house is being painted this week.

 

Active : My father is fixing the taps in the bathroom now.

Passive: The taps are being fixed by my father in the bathroom now.

 

 

  • Past continuous passive: ( was / were + being + V3 )

 

 

Active : The police were stopping the cars for speeding.

Passive: The cars were being stopped by the police for speeding.

 

Active : Two men were robbing John when the police arrived.

Passive: John was being robbed by two men when the police arrived.

 

  • Present perfect simple passive: ( have / has + been + V3 )

 

Active : They have invited her to the wedding.

Passive: She has been invited to the wedding .

 

Active : The management has destroyed a lot of trees since 2000.

Passive: A lot of trees have been destroyed by the management since 2000.

 

  • Past perfect simple passive: ( had + been + V3 )

 

Active : Someone had eaten all the cake before the party.

Passive: All the cake had been eaten before the party.

 

Active : The police had questioned Jane by the time her lawyer arrived.

Passive: Jane had been questioned by the police by the time her lawyer arrived.

 

  • Future simple (will) passive: ( will + be + V3 )

 

Active : The teacher will talk to each student tomorrow.

Passive: Each student will be talked to by the teacher tomorrow

 

Active : They will build a new stadium in the city soon.

Passive: A new stadium will be built in the city soon.

 

  • Be going to future passive: ( am/is/are going to + be + V3 )

 

Active : The children are going to decorate the school tomorrow.

Passive: The school is going to be decorated by the children tomorrow.

 

Active : Jill is going to clean the windows this afternoon.

Passive: The windows are going to be cleaned by Jill this afternoon.

 

  • Future perfect simple passive: ( will have been + V3)

 

Active : The government will have passed the new law before the election.

Passive: The new law will have been passed by the government before the election.

 

  • Modals (can, could, may, might, should, must, will, would, etc) passive: (modal + be + V3 )

 

 

Active : They can paint the house in two weeks.

Passive: The house can be painted in two weeks.

 

Active : You should keep dogs on a leash at all times.

Passive: Dogs should be kept on a leash at all times.

 

Active : This singer must do something new in his new albume.

Passive: Something new must be done by this singer in his new albume.