(Edilgen zamanların yapıları)
Passive tenses (edilgen zamanlar), “be (am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been) + V3” ile yapılır:
Active : Jane cleans the kitchen in the evenings.
Passive: The kitchen is cleaned by Jane in the evenings.
Active : People speak English and French in Canada.
Passive: English and French are spoken in Canada.
Active : Ali broke the window yesterday.
Passive: The window was broken by Ali yesterday.
Active : Someone stole Jill’s car last night.
Passive: Jill’s car was stolen last night.
Active : We are painting our house this week.
Passive: Our house is being painted this week.
Active : My father is fixing the taps in the bathroom now.
Passive: The taps are being fixed by my father in the bathroom now.
Active : The police were stopping the cars for speeding.
Passive: The cars were being stopped by the police for speeding.
Active : Two men were robbing John when the police arrived.
Passive: John was being robbed by two men when the police arrived.
Active : They have invited her to the wedding.
Passive: She has been invited to the wedding .
Active : The management has destroyed a lot of trees since 2000.
Passive: A lot of trees have been destroyed by the management since 2000.
Active : Someone had eaten all the cake before the party.
Passive: All the cake had been eaten before the party.
Active : The police had questioned Jane by the time her lawyer arrived.
Passive: Jane had been questioned by the police by the time her lawyer arrived.
Active : The teacher will talk to each student tomorrow.
Passive: Each student will be talked to by the teacher tomorrow
Active : They will build a new stadium in the city soon.
Passive: A new stadium will be built in the city soon.
Active : The children are going to decorate the school tomorrow.
Passive: The school is going to be decorated by the children tomorrow.
Active : Jill is going to clean the windows this afternoon.
Passive: The windows are going to be cleaned by Jill this afternoon.
Active : The government will have passed the new law before the election.
Passive: The new law will have been passed by the government before the election.
Active : They can paint the house in two weeks.
Passive: The house can be painted in two weeks.
Active : You should keep dogs on a leash at all times.
Passive: Dogs should be kept on a leash at all times.
Active : This singer must do something new in his new albume.
Passive: Something new must be done by this singer in his new albume.