İngilizce zarf cümlecikleri konu anlatımı

İngilizce zarf cümlecikleri konu anlatımı


although though in spite of (the fact that) however no matter
even if even though despite (the fact that) while adj.+as
even when whereas notwithstanding the fact that as much/many as


He kept on playing his guitar although no one seemed to be listening.

I missed a lot of points even though I tried to listen carefully.

They appointed him to their branch in England in spite of the fact that he couldn’t speak a word of English.

The rich young girl married despite of the fact that he was poor and unemployed.

No matter how hard I try I still can’t learn Chinese.

While I have had a very good training I still feel I can take more.

Tall as she is, she is not a good basketball player yet.

As much as I wanted to speak her, I couldn’t get near her.


We can make contrasts by joining two clauses with these words.

  1. We use “although” after a clause with a subject and a verb.

Although he’s a qualified person, he couldn’t find a good job.

Although she’s five years old, she knows how to play games on a computer.

Although it rained a lot during the winter, water is still cut off in Istanbul.

Although we didn’t like the meal, we ate it.


  1. The clause in which we use “although” can come after the main clause.

We stayed at The Big Hotel although it wasn’t very comfortable.

Very few people know her although she’s a good singer.

Cindy has a spurts car although she doesn’t know how to drive.


  1. “Though” means “although”. But it is used in informal speaking.

Though I studied hard, I couldn’t answer most of the questions.

Though my grandfather is 65 years old, he still works in a foundation which helps poor children.

Though he’s tall enough, he doesn’t like playing basketball.


  1. “Though” can be used al the end of the sentence.

He hasn’t given up smoking. He sometimes can’t breathe well, though.

She hasn’t taken any medicine. She has an unbearable headache, though.

My mother had posted the letters two days ago. I didn’t receive, though.


  1. “In spite of and “despite” are used before a noun phrase or -ing form of a verb.

In spite of having eaten two hamburgers, she’s still hungry.

Despite the bad weather, the children are playing in the garden.

Despite studying hard for the examination, he couldn’t get a good grade.

In spite of many difficulties, the men succeeded in climbing to the top of the mountain.


  1. “In spite of the fact that” and “despite the fact that”‘ means the same as “although”. And we use them in the same ways as “although”.

She hasn’t got a boyfriend in spite of the fact that she’s beautiful.

She looks very young and athletic despite the fact that she’s 50.

In spite of the fact that the prices are very high, people buy big houses.

Despite the fact that I wasn’t feeling well enough, I went on working.


  1. We use phrases or words with “no matter” such as “how much, where, what,…”.

No matter who you are, you have to pay before entering the museum.

No matter where he is, he should inform us before going there.

Our teacher asks questions of every student no matter who the student is.

You need to buy a raincoat no matter how much it costs.


  1. “even though” means the same as “although”, but it is stronger than “although”.

Even though Turkey is a beautiful country, few tourists have visited it this year.

Even though his school is far from his home, he goes to school on foot.

Even though we wanted her to come with us to the restaurant, she preferred to stay at home.

Even though she knows hundreds of English words, she can t speak English fluently.



  1. We can make a contrast between two ideas with “while” and “whereas”.

Tom likes playing basketball, while his sister likes swimming.

One of my friends became a good doctor, while he wasn’t a bright student in high school.

Michael Jackson is a famous singer, whereas his other brothers are not.

Mrs. Smith is very friendly, whereas Mr, Smith is rather cold.


  1. “Even if is used before or after the main clause.

He can’t speak English fluently even if he has been in England for a year.

Even if it’s raining heavily, we are planning to take a walk.

Even if she has a lot of clothes, she always wears the same things.

Jack always goes to the cinema alone even if he has many friends.


  1. We often use “however” after the subject. But it can also be used at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.

He speaks three languages. He, however, can’t find a job with a high salary.

I went to the meeting on time; however, I woke up late.

I like reading the novels of the classical period; they were written in old English, however.


  1. We use “however” before adjectives or adverbs.

However much it costs, I want to go on a world tour.

However difficult it is, she intended to learn Russian.

He will buy those trousers however expensive they are.

However far the place is. I will go there by on my bike.


  1. ‘’Even when’’ is used before or after the main clause.

He always works hard, even when he’s tired.

Even when she’s sorry, she never cries.